FARM ANIMALS Meaning of farm animals:
Farm animals are the animals that are domesticated by man. The farm animals are kept because they are useful in many ways. Some produce milk(milking machine), meat and eggs used as food.Another name for farm animals is livestock, and this term concerns only domestic animal. Examples of these animals are camels, sheep, goats,
In general, farm animals convert and/or harvest material that is not of much use for
monogastric humans or convert excess grain products into meat, milk, eggs, animal byproducts and wool fiber that are extremely useful to mankind.
Another name for farm animals is livestock, and this term concerns only domestic animal. Examples of these animals are camels, sheep, goats, chicken
Animals have always contributed to human societies by supplying food in the form of meat,
milk, fat, eggs and in some societies, even blood. These products are nutritionally-dense
and the amino acids are in the ratio required by humans including the essential amino acids.
Body covering in the form of wool, leather, pelts, hides, hair and fur have also been
supplied by these animals
Others provide pleasure while some are used as beast of burden or work animals. Examples of farm animals are cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, rabbit and poultry.
CLASSIFICATION OF FARM ANIMALS
cannot digest grasses easily but foods like
TYPES OF FARM OF ANIMALS1. Poultry 2. Cattle 3. Sheep 4. Goat 5. Pig 6. Rabbit 7. Fish 8. Donkey 10. Horse
POULTRY:poultry is the name used to describe all domesticated birds. They produce meat and eggs used as food. The common types of poultry are chicken/fowl, duck, guinea fowl, turkey and geese. In most countries of the world, chicken seemed the most common type of poultry. Here is a list of the major breeds of chicken, 1. Native dwarf fowl
2. Rhode Island Red 3. Plymouth Rock
The farm animal industry is based on animal nutrition which is influenced by the gastrointestinal tract of the various types of animals involved, and feedstuff can come in a variety
of nutritionally desirable classes. Genetics influences animal breeding and consequently
animals have been modified by selection to fulfill specific needs such as animal
reproduction, lactation, animal behavior and health.
In Nigeria and most other black African countries, the Native Dwarf fowl is mainly kept by farmers in the rural areas. The other types or breeds of chicken are foreign and are reared by modern and big poultry farmers. The types of chicken that are kept for the production of meat only are called Broilers. The types that are kept for the production of eggs are called Layers. The dual purpose chicken is meant to produce both egg and meat. Adult male chicken is called-----, Adult female chicken is called Hen The young one of both sexes is called chick A castrated male chicken is called Capon Those types reared for the production of hatch-able eggs are called parent stock.
Cattle belong to the family of Bovidae. The cattle is referred to as roofed animal because it has two enlarged toes. A Cattle with hump is known as Zebu cattle. Those without hump are called Cattle is reared by the famer for meat, hides and milk. Therefore cattle can be grouped according the purpose for they are kept by the farmer. So in the study of Agricultural Science, they are as follows i. Beef Cattle. This is the cattle kept mainly for the production of meat known as beef. Examples of good beef cattle in Nigeria are MUTURU, NDAMA, BORAN, KETEKU and the other foreign breed are ABERDEN ANGUS and BRAHAMN the American Zebu cattle. ii. Dairy Cattle: this is the cattle kept mainly for the production of milk. Examples of good milk or dairy cattle in Nigeria are WHITE FULANI, SOKOTO GUDALI AND BURAJI. We also have breeds like Holstein, Sahiwa, Friesian and Jersey from America. iii. Work Cattle: this type of cattle is used as source of labour for doing farm work such as tilling the soil and carrying farm load. They have lots of strength. Examples are Kanrej from India and Sokoto Gudali in Nigeria iv. Dual purpose Cattle: these are kept mainly for the production of meats and milk. Dual purpose cattle in Nigeria include Shuwa, Biu and Sokoto Gudali. The adult male of cattle is called bull. The adult female cattle is called cow. The young cattle are called calf. The castrated male cattle is called bullock.
BREEDS OF CATTLE IN NIGERIA AND WEST AFRICA.
The breeds of cattle that are native to West Africa include: NDAMA, MUTURU, BIU, BORAN, KETEKU, WHITE-FULANI, RED-BORORO AND SOKOTO GUDALI.
BREEDS OF CATTLE BROUGHT TO NIGERIA FROM EUROPE AND OTHER CONTINENTS HOSTIEN FRESIAN, WHITE AND BLACK SWISS, JAMAICA HOPE, SAHIWA, HEREFORD, ABERDEN ANGUS, BRAHAM AND THE RED DEVON. 3. SHEEP: Sheep belongs to the genus Ovidae. The animal is popularly reared in countries with temperate climate such as Australia, Britain, South Africa and New Zealand. It is also a popular animal reared in countries like Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania and a few others. The production of sheep is mainly for their hides/skin, milk and wool. An adult male sheep is called Ram. Adult female is called Ewe. Young of both sexes is called lamb. Castrated male before sexual maturity is called Wether. Castrated male after sexual maturity is called Stag. BREEDS OF SHEEP FOUND IN NIGERIA.
1. The west African dwarf sheep 2. The Yankassa breed 3. Oada
agricultural biology topics
HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
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